How to Install Software on a Computer

The installation process for software depends on your operating system and the program you are installing. As a result of these many combinations, we have created the steps below as a general guideline. The following does not cover errors during the installation process, as they are too vast for one document. Search on our site for further information on errors during the setup.

General tips

  • Make sure your computer meets the system requirements of the program, game, or utility you are attempting to install.
  • The manual or readme file contains exact instructions on how to install a program and are in the same directory as the installation files.
  • When installing a program, utility, or game, it is always a good idea first to close or disable any other programs that are running.
  • After installing a new program, if it prompts you to reboot the computer, do it.


Microsoft Windows users

How to install from a CD or DVD

Many software titles, games, and utilities have an AutoPlay feature. This feature automatically starts a setup screen for the software when the CD or DVD is inserted. If your program contains this feature, follow the steps that appear after inserting the disc into the computer.

If AutoRun is disabled, or unavailable on your disc, follow these steps:

  1. Open My Computer.
  2. In the My Computer window, open the drive that contains the installation files. For example, if the files are on the CD-ROM drive, open the D: drive or letter of your CD-ROM drive.
  3. In the drive that contains your files, locate either the executable setup (i.e. “setup.exe”) or install file. Double-clicking on this file starts the installation process. If there are multiple setup or install files, locate the executable file or double-click each setup or install file until you find the file that starts the installation.

Install a CD on a computer with no disc drive

Some of the new computers may no longer have a disc drive. If your computer does not have a disc drive try installing what is on the CD from the Internet. Computer drivers, software for hardware devices, and some games and other programs are available for downloaded and can be installed from a download.

If the program is not available for download, copy all of the CD or DVD contents to another drive on another computer. For example, you could copy the contents of the disc to a USB flash drive and then install the program from the USB flash drive.

How to install from a Download

  1. Download the program from the website providing the program.
  2. Open the download folder.
  3. If the file you downloaded is an executable file, double-click the file icon to start the setup process. If the downloaded file is compressed (e.g., .zip), you must extract the file’s contents before setup can begin. Fortunately, this function is built into most versions of Windows.
  4. Once the files are extracted, double-click the setup to install.

How to install from a USB flash drive

  1. Open Windows Explorer or My Computer and find the USB drive that is often the last drive letter.
  2. Once the drive is opened find the setup or executable file, double-click the file icon to start the setup process.


Installing from MS-DOS or the Windows command line

Users installing a program from Microsoft DOS should have a basic understanding of the MS-DOS commands. If you are unfamiliar with any of the commands listed below, click the link to get additional information on that specific command.

  1. Before installing a program in MS-DOS, you must switch to the drive or directory that contains the installation files. If you are installing a program from a CD or diskette, switch to that drive. If the installation files are located in a different directory, use the dir command to list directories and the cd command to switch directories.
  2. Once you are in the directory or drive that contains the installation files, run the executable for setup. Many times this can be done by typing setup or install at the prompt to start the installation. If both of these commands give a bad command or file name error message, type dir *.exe or dir *.com or dir *.bat. These commands list any executable files found in the directory or drive. If any files are listed, execute these files to run the installation or setup of the program. If no files are listed when typing all three of the above commands, you’re in the incorrect directory or drive letter for that program.

How to Update Drivers in Windows 10

(Image credit: Microsoft)

Windows 10 automatically updates any new drivers needed for your computer. You can set up to check updates automatically or check updates at your convenience. If you would like to manually update a driver, you can do so in the Device Manager. Here’s how it’s done.

Regular Update:

1) Click Start in the lower left corner.

(Image credit: Microsoft)

2) Click the gear icon to open the Settings window.

(Image credit: Microsoft)

3) Scroll down to see more settings.

(Image credit: Microsoft)

4) Click Update & Security.

(Image credit: Microsoft)

5) In the right pane click Check for updates.

(Image credit: Microsoft)

6) As the updates download, click on Change active hours.

(Image credit: Microsoft)

7) Set the hours when you do not want the computer to restart.

8) Click Save. The drivers will be installed and ready to go after the restart.

(Image credit: Microsoft)

Manual Update:

1) In the search box on the Toolbar, type Device Manager.

(Image credit: Microsoft)

2) Click Device Manager in the search options.

(Image credit: Microsoft)

3) Click on a group of devices in the list.

(Image credit: Microsoft)

4) Right-click on a specific device that needs driver update.

(Image credit: Microsoft)

5) In the menu that opens up, click Update driver.

(Image credit: Microsoft)

6) In the Update driver window, click Search automatically for updated device software. If a newer driver is available, it will be downloaded and installed.

(Image credit: Microsoft)

The Difference Between SSD (Solid State Drive) and HDD (Hard Disk Drive)

SSD vs HDD – Battle of the Drives

Welcome to our SSD vs HDD guide, where we’ll look at the pros and cons of traditional hard drives (HDD) and solid state drives (SSD) to help you choose which one is the best for your needs.

When you’re looking to buy a new computer or laptop, or if you’re researching ways to upgrade your machine, you’ll see a lot of references to both hard drives and SSDs, but which one is best for you?

Here we’ll compare the two storage mediums, look at which tasks they excel in, and which ones they’re not so good at.

If you’ve got a desktop PC, then you’ll have the luxury of being able to install both types of hard drive at once. If you go down that route, this guide will help you identify the best ways to use those drives to maximize their performance.

Before we dive into comparing SSD vs HDD technology, let’s take a quick look at each type of drive.

What is a traditional hard disk drive (HDD)?

If you have a desktop PC it will most likely have a traditional hard disk drive, on which the operating system, along with any applications you install, and your files and folders, are stored.

A traditional hard drive contains a circular disc – known as a platter – that stores your data. The disc spins, allowing the read-write arm to read data on the disc (or write data to it) as it passes.

The faster the platter spins, the faster the hard drive works, which can impact how quickly your operating system responds, and how long it takes applications installed on the drive to load and open.

Older hard drives use an IDE port to connect to the motherboard of a PC, but most modern hard drives use a SATA connection. The most recent version of SATA, SATA III, is found on modern motherboards, and enables the fastest possible data transfers for a HDD.

What is a solid state drive (SSD)?

A solid state drive (SSD) is newer storage technology, but it’s still been around for a while now, and if you have a modern laptop, it’s likely that it uses an SSD.

As the name suggests, an SSD – unlike a traditional hard drive – has no moving parts. Instead, it uses NAND flash memory. The more NAND (Negative-AND) memory chips an SSD has, the more storage capacity it has. Modern technology allows SSDs to have more NAND chips than ever, which means SSDs can have capacities similar to HDDs.

Many SSDs come with SATA III ports, which means they can be easily installed in place of a HDD, and many also come in the 2.5-inch format that smaller hard drives also come in. However, the maximum data throughput of SATA III is 600MB/s, and while this is fine for HDDs, SDDs are capable of much faster speeds, which means if you have an SSD with a SATA III connection, the drive’s performance is actually being held back by its SATA connection.

To avoid that bottleneck, you can get SSDs that have a PCIe connection. These drives slot into the PCIe lane of a motherboard, enabling much faster speeds. However, if you have a smaller motherboard, or you use your PCIe lanes for other devices, such as graphics cards or sound cards, then you may not want an SSD taking up a lane.

Another increasingly common connection for SSDs is the M.2. If your laptop uses an SSD, it’s most likely using an M.2 connection, and most modern desktop PCs have motherboards with an M.2 port. M.2 SSDs are typically smaller than other SSDs, which means they can be easily installed without impacting your other components.

NVMe (Non-Volatile Memory Express) is the newest SSD technology, and offers incredibly fast data transfer speeds.

SSD vs HDD: price

When you’re choosing between an SSD and HDD, the first big difference you’ll notice at first is the price. SSDs are typically more expensive per gigabyte than traditional hard drives.Advertisement

However, it’s worth noting that some SSDs are more expensive than others. Older SATA III SSDs are cheaper than M2 and PCIe SSDs, and because the technology has been around for a while, certain SATA III SSDs aren’t all that more expensive than a traditional hard drive.

If you want the most capacity for the least amount of money, HDDs are the way to go. Manufacturing processes for traditional HDDs mean they’re now relatively cheap to produce, which makes them more affordable.

You can get some large HDDs for very low prices, but if you’re keeping important data on the drives, it’s best to check out user reviews and reports about their reliability.

SSD vs HDD: capacity

Closely tied to the price when comparing SSDs and HDDs is the capacities of the drives. Generally, if you’re after a lot of storage space, HDD is the way to go.

HDD capacities range from 40GB up to 12TB for commercial hard drives, while there are even larger capacities for enterprise use. These days you can get a 2TB hard drive for an affordable price, which offers you plenty of space. HDDs around the 8TB to 12TB size are primarily used for servers and NAS devices, where you need a lot of space for holding backups.

Generally, we’d recommend having several smaller hard drives rather than a single large hard drive. This is because if the drive fails, you may lose all your data – if your data is held across several drives, if one drive fails, you won’t lose everything.

So, HDDs are good for storing lots of large files, which makes them good for holding photos, videos and games.

In the past SSDs generally weren’t capable of such large capacities, but thanks to advances in technology you can now get SSDs with terabytes of storage. However, this comes at a premium, and large SDDs often come with prohibitively high price tags.

If you can, it’s a good idea to go for a smaller SSD, maybe around 128GB–256GB, to hold programs such as your operating system, for which you want to take advantage of the SSD’s higher speed, and then use a HDD to store other files where speed isn’t as important.

SSD vs HDD: speed

In the match-up between SSDs vs HDDs, speed is where we really begin to see a difference. Solid state drives have always been much faster than traditional hard drives, but with SSD technology advancing all the time, and the SATA III bottleneck removed, the difference is now starker than ever.

First, let’s look at HDD speeds. Because these drives using a spinning platter, the speed of the drive is largely dependent on the RPM (revolutions per minute) the drive is capable of – and the higher the RPM, the faster the drive can perform. Many budget hard drives have an RPM of 5,400 RPM, which is the slowest speed modern hard drives are capable of – you’re better off going for a drive that can achieve 7,200 RPM, which is what most modern HDDs will be rated at.

You can get higher-RPM drives, up to 10,000 RPM and even higher, but these are rarer and more expensive.

SSD and HDD speeds are measured in MB/s (megabytes per second) for both read (how fast the drive can read data) and write (how fast data can be written to the drive).

There are other factors in play that determine HDD speeds, such as capacity, but in general a SATA III hard drive at 5,400 RPM will have speeds of around 100MB/s, while a 7,200 RPM will be 150MB/s.

Because SSDs don’t have any moving parts their speeds aren’t dependent on RPMs, but on the technology – and the data connection – of the drive.

A solid state drive with a SATA III connection should achieve around 550MB/s read and 520MB/s write speeds, though some will be faster – but will max out at 600MB/s.

So, even with a SATA III connection, which limits the speed of SSDs, you’re getting around four times the speed of traditional hard drives. However, if you use one of the better-optimized connections for SSDs, the speed difference really opens up.

Average speeds for PCIe/M.2 SSDs range from around 1.2GB/s up to around 1.4GB/s – and if you’ve got the budget there are even some that can reach 2.2GB/s.

So, you’re looking at around 10 times the speed if you go for one of these SSDs. When it comes to speed and performance, SSDs are definitely the way to go.Advertisement

SSD vs HDD: other considerations

There are other things you should consider when thinking about whether to buy an SSD or HDD. For example, because SSDs don’t have any moving parts they’re more robust, which makes them a better choice for laptops and other mobile devices.

An SSD can also use less power than a HDD, which means laptops may benefit from longer battery lives when using an SSD – although this will depend on the kind of SSD you use, and what you use it for.

So is an SSD or a HDD best for you? While SSDs are faster, more robust and more power-efficient, HDDs are more affordable – especially when it comes to larger capacities.

As we mentioned earlier, if you have the option then it may be worth getting a smaller SSD for your operating system and apps, along with a HDD to store your files. There are also hybrid drives, known as SSHDs, which offer the best of both worlds, with the speeds of SSDs and the capacities of HDDs in a single drive, and which are worth considering if you don’t have the space in your device for multiple hard drives.


Etisalat (9mobile) Day and Night Data Plan

How to Subscribe to Etisalat Night Plan

The Etisalat night plan (9Mobile Night Plan) is only available on the Easycliq tariff plan, and only usable between 12:00AM and  5:00AM. The steps to activating the plan are as follow:

  • If you are not Easycliq tariff plan, migrate to the plan by dialing *244*1#.
  • Ensure you have a minimum of  ₦50 on your SIM for the 250MB plan or N200 for the 1GB plan
  • Dial  *229*10*10# to activate the plan for 250MB or *229*3*11# for the 1GB plan

How to Subscribe to Etisalat(9mobile) Data Plans

PlanValidityOpt-in Code
Daily Bundles
10MB @ ₦5024 Hours*229*3*8#
40MB @ ₦10024 Hours*229*3*1#
Weekly Plan
150MB @ ₦2007 Days*229*2*10#
Weekend Plan
1GB @ ₦500One Weekend*5995*2#
Monthly Bundles
500MB @ ₦50030 Days*229*2*12#
1GB @ ₦1,00030 Days*229*2*7#
1.5GB @ ₦1,20030 Days*229*2*25#
2.5GB @ ₦2,00030 Days*229*2*8#
3.5GB @ ₦2,50030 Days*229*2*26#
5GB @ ₦3,50030 Days*229*2*9#
11.5GB @ ₦8,00030 Days*229*2*5#


Airtel Night Plan, Data Plan, Customer Care

To enjoy the very cheap Airtel Night Plan, you have to opt-in to tariff plan called Airtel SmartTrybe.

To opt-in to Airtel Night Plan Dial *312#. You get: 30% extra data on bundles of N500 and above purchased in all campuses in Nigeria 1GB for N500. Valid for 7 day.

How to subscribe to Airtel Night Plan

  • STEP 1: Migrate to Airtel SmartTrybe by dialing *312# then reply with 1.
  • STEP 2: After the migration, dial *312#
  • STEP 3: Reply 1 for 500MB for N25 valid from12am – 5am
  • OR: Reply 2 for 1.5GB for N200 valid from12am – 5amEnjoy these night plan from Airtel

How to subscribe to Airtel Data Plan

To get started, Dial *141# OR…

Daily / Weekly Plans

PriceData AllowanceValidityUSSD CODE
N5025MB1 Day*141*50#
N10075MB1 Day*141*100#
N200200MB3 Days*141*200#
N3001GB1 Day*141*354#
N300350MB7 Days*141*300#
N500750MB14 Days*141*500#
N5001GB7 Days*141*502#
N5002GB1 Day*141*504#
N15006GB7 Days*141*1504#

Airtel Customer Care

Simply call 111


MTN Recharge and Data Plan Codes

MTN Recharge Code | How To Load Airtime On MTN SIM (USSD Code)

You should know that MTN Nigeria recharge codes contain a 12-digit PIN. So, follow the step below for loading airtime n your phone:

  • To load or recharge an MTN line, dial recharge PIN in the following USSD format: *555*PIN# and then Send/Ok. For example, If the airtime PIN is 1111 2222 3333, include *555*111122223333# and press Send or Ok on your phone’s dialler.
  • If successful, you can dial *556# to check account balance.

That’s all!

MTN Data Plans and Subscription Codes in Nigeria

Here are latest MTN Data Plan Prices. You will also see code for checking your MTN data subscription balance.

  • 1.5GB Browsing Plan for Mobile (24/7 30 days) – text 106 to 131 – ₦1000
  • 2GB MTN data plan (24/7 30 days) – text 130 to 131 – ₦1200
  • MTN 3.5GB mobile data plan (24/7 30 days) – text 110 to 131 – ₦2000
  • 6.5GB MTN data plan (24/7 30 days) – text 107 to 131 – ₦3500
  • 11GB MTN data plan (24/7 30 days) – text 116 to 131 – ₦5000
  • 25GB MTN data plan (24/7 30 days) – text 117 to 131 – ₦10000
  • 40GB MTN data plan (24/7 30 days) – text 150 to 131 – ₦15000
  • 1GB MTN Daily (24 hours) – SMS 155 to 131 – ₦350
  • 2GB 2 days Plan (48 hours) – text 154 to 131 – 500 Naira
  • 60GB MTN data plan (24/7, 60 days) – text 118 to 131 – 20000 NGN
  • 120GB MTN data plan (24/7 90 days) – text 133 to 131 – 50000 NGN
  • MTN 100GB data plan (60 days) – text 138 to 131 – 30,000 Naira
  • MTN 150GB data plan (90 days) – text 134 to 131 – 70,000 Naira
  • MTN Daily data plan for mobile, 75MB (24 hours) – SMS 104 to 131 – 100 NGN
  • MTN Daily data plan for mobile, 25MB (24 hours) – SMS 114 to 131 – 50 NGN
  • 200MB 2 days Package (48 hours) – text 113 to 131 – 200 Naira
  • 750MB Weekly browsing for mobile (7 days) – text 103 to 131 – 500 NGN
  • 350MB Weekly browsing for mobile (7 days) – text 102 to 131 – 300 NGN

To check your MTN browsing data balance, SMS 2 to 131.


Glo Recharge Code & How To Join Any Glo Data Plan

Did you just get a new Glo sim card and haven’t loaded your Glo recharge card because you don’t know the Glo recharge code? Don’t worry, we will show you how to recharge Glo airtime, join a Glo Data Plan, transfer Glo Data and also how to transfer Glo credit.

How To Load Glo Airtime

– To load airtime on a Glo sim, dial the recharge PIN in the following USSD format: *123*PIN# and then Send/Ok. For example, If the airtime PIN is 1111 2222 3333 444, include *222*111122223333444# and press Send or Ok.

How to check Glo balance?

To check your account balance for GLO network, just dial #124# and press the send button on your phone, then Enter 1 and press the send button on your phone again.

To check your account balance for MTN network, just dial *556# and press the send button on your phone.

To check your account balance for Airtel network, just dial *123# and press the send button on your phone.

How To Buy Glo Data Bundles

You want to buy a Glo data plan?. Dial *777# and you’ll see a prompt window showing how you can successfully buy data on Glo.

How To Share Data on Glo

You can buy a data plan and share with your friends and family members. Anyone you share with gets notified via SMS with immediate access to the internet. To ADD people to share dial *127*01* friend’s number # or Send “Share [friend’s number]” to 127.

Or dial *777#, click send, then input 1 and click send, then input 4, and click send, then input 1 and click send, and input the phone number of the Glo subscriber you want to share your data with.


How to Customize the Subtitles in VLC Player

The VLC media player is an open source platform-neutral application that allows you to play videos in a variety of formats. If your video has subtitles, the default settings make sure that the text is readable in most scenarios for most individuals. There may be cases, however, where the subtitles don’t work well with the video they’re attached to — dark colored text, for example, on a movie that’s dark a lot of the time.

Luckily, there’s a little-used feature that allows you to change this, as well as the size, background, and other subtitle settings.

  1. In the VLC media player window, click Tools.
  2. Select Preferences in the Tools menu.
  3. Go to the Subtitles / OSD tab to access all the available preferences.
  4. Check that the Enable subtitles checkbox is selected.
  5. If you prefer a particular font, click on the Font drop-down menu and select a Font other than the default Arial font.
  6. Click on the Font size drop-down menu to see the available options.
  7. Select Auto from the drop-down menu. This option automatically resizes the font based on the VLC window size. If you always watch a video in full screen mode on a big screen, you may want to keep the default.
  8. If the current subtitles are not easily readable, click on the Outline thickness drop-down menu to change the default.
  9. Select Thick from the drop-down menu if you need more readability.
  10. Click on the color tiles to choose colors other than the default white and black for the text and the outline. The default colors, however, are readable on most backgrounds.
  11. If you can’t see the color of the subtitles against the video background, add a checkmark against Add a background option. This will add a solid color background to the subtitles.
  12. If you would like the subtitles to be in a specific position other than the alignment options offered, add a number to the Force subtitle position textbox. This position will not change based on the size of the VLC player window.
  13. When you are done checking and updating the preferences, click Save.

How to Format an SSD Drive

Formatting an SSD drive is useful in the event you want to sell the drive, dispose of the drive, or install a new operating system. You can format an SSD drive using a Windows or Mac computer.

Method 1. Formatting an SSD Drive in Windows

  • 1. Verify that the SSD drive you want formatted is either installed in your computer, or attached to your computer via USB cable.
  • 2. Go to “Start” and click on “Control Panel.”
  • 3. Click on “System and Maintenance,” then click on “Administrative tools.”
  • 4. Open the “Computer Management” application.
  • 5. Click on “Disk Management” in the left pane of the Computer Management window.
  • 6. Click on the name of your SSD drive in the list of drives displayed on-screen.
  • 7. Right-click on the SSD drive, then select “Format.”
  • 8. Select your preferred values from the “File system” and “Allocation unit size” drop-down menus.
  • 9. Place a checkmark next to “Perform a quick format,” then click on “OK.” Your computer will format your SSD drive.

Method 2 Formatting an SSD Drive on Mac OS X

  • 1. Verify that the SSD drive you want formatted is either installed in your computer, or attached to your computer via USB cable.
  • 2. Open Finder to verify that the SSD drive displays in your list of devices.
  • 3. Click on “Applications,” then click on “Utilities.”

4. Launch the “Disk Utility” application.

5. Click on the name of your SSD drive in the left pane of Disk Utility.

  • 6. Click on the “Erase” tab, then take note of the value next to “Partition Map Scheme,” which is located at the bottom of the window.
  • 7. Verify that the value next to Partition Map Scheme reads, “Master Boot Record” or “Apple Partition Map,” then click on the “Partition” tab.
  • If the value next to Partition Map Scheme reads, “GUID Partition Table,” select “Mac OS X Extended (Journaled)” from the Format drop-down menu, click on “Erase,” then skip to step #13.
  • 8. Select the number of partitions you want from within the “Partition Layout” drop-down menu.
  • 9. Type a name for the partition, or SSD drive, under “Partition Information,” then select “Mac OS Extended (Journaled) from the Format drop-down menu.
  • 10. Click on the name of the SSD drive in the middle window, then click on “Options.”
  • 11. Select “GUID Partition Table,” then click on “OK.”
  • 12. Click on “Apply,” then click on “Partition” to verify that you want to format your SSD drive.
  • 13. Wait for Disk Utility to format your SSD drive. The name of the drive will display in Finder when complete.

Step by Step Guide: How to (Really) Lock the Desktop Background in Windows 10

Desktop backgrounds are a very personal thing. And for anyone on an office or shared computer, the idea of someone changing it can be a little annoying. For those who own a business and want to display their branding as the background — without giving employees the option to change it — there’s really only one solution that works.

While there are easier ways to do this, it’s just as easy for an employee or roommate (or anyone who shares your computer, really) to undo it. The most effective way, at least in my opinion, is to make a quick edit to the registry.

  1. Type regedit in the search box on the Taskbar.

2. From the search options, select Registry Edit.

3. In the Registry Editor, Go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies.

4. Right-click on Policies to open the context menu.

5. Click New to create a new key.

6. Select Key.

7. Type System, to name the new key.

8. Right-click on System to open the context menu.

9. Click New to create a new string.

 10. Select String.

11. Type Picture to name the new string.

12. Double-click on Picture to add value for the string.

13. Type the path of the desktop image in the Value data field.

14. Press OK.

15. Again right-click on System to open the context menu.

16. Click New to create another string.

17. Select String.

18. Type Style to name the new string.

19. Double-click on Style to add value for the string.

20. Type 0 in the Value data field for the string. This will center align the image. If you would like it to fit the screen, type 3.

21. Press OK to finalize the changes.

22. Click X to close the Registry Editor window.

23. Type task manager in the search box on the Taskbar.

24. From the search options, select Task Manager.

25. In the Processes tab, scroll down to find Windows Explorer.

26. Select Windows Explorer.

27. Click Restart to restart the process and apply the new settings.

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